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NOMOS Ahoi 550 New 40mm Automatic
TOP
NOMOS Ahoi White Dial Black Textile Strap Automatic Men's Wa
C$ 3,593
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
1717
US
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 26331ST.OO.1220ST.03 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 41mm Silver Dial...
C$ 36,411
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
87
US
Chopard Mille Miglia 168565-3001 New Steel 43mm Automatic
TOP
Chopard Mille Miglia GTS Automatic Black Dial Men's Watch -...
C$ 4,778
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
1717
US
Rolex Datejust 126200-0002 New Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Datejust 36 Steel Automatic Silver Dial Men's Watch -...
C$ 8,466
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
1717
US
Tudor Submariner 94010 Good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Tudor Submariner 9401/0 Snowflake Dial 94010
C$ 6,655
Verified Dealer
50
US
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Ultra Thin Moon Q1368420 New Steel 39mm Automatic
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Ultra Thin Moon - 1368420
C$ 9,818
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
291
US
Rolex Submariner Date 116610LN New Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Submariner Date 116610LN 2019 NEW
C$ 15,110
Verified Dealer
224
US
Rolex Air King 116900 New Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Air King NEW 116900 2018
C$ 9,186
Verified Dealer
32
US
Rolex GMT-Master II 126719BLRO New White gold 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II 18k WG Meteorite Dial 2019 [Full Stickers]
C$ 70,019
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
83
US
Rolex Submariner Date 116610LV New Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Submariner Date Green 116610 LV Ceramic NEW
C$ 22,034
Verified Dealer
1310
NL
TAG Heuer Monaco CW211A New Steel 38mm Automatic
TAG Heuer Monaco
C$ 6,590
Verified Dealer
 
US
Bell & Ross BR V2 BRV292-BL-ST/SST New Steel 41mm Automatic
Bell & Ross BR V2-92 BRV292-BL-ST/SST
C$ 3,342
Verified Dealer
258
IT
Patek Philippe World Time 5131G New White gold 39.5mm Automatic
TOP
Patek Philippe World Time with gold 100% new full set
C$ 155,274
Verified Dealer
40
CH
Zenith El Primero 36'000 VpH 03.2040.400/21.C496 Very good Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Zenith El Primero 36'000 VpH
C$ 5,856
Verified Dealer
50
US
TAG Heuer Monaco CAW211R.FC6401 New Steel 39mm Automatic
TOP
TAG Heuer Monaco - Gulf - Special Edition
C$ 5,824
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
291
US
Parmigiani Fleurier Kalpa PFC123-0000101 Very good Steel 52mm Automatic
TOP
Parmigiani Fleurier Kalpa XL Steel
C$ 6,324
Verified Dealer
45
US
Rolex GMT-Master II 116710BLNR Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II Ceramic Black and Blue Bezel Batman...
C$ 18,505
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
86
US
Rolex GMT-Master II 126715CHNR-0001 New Rose gold 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II 18k Everose 2019 [Unworn/Stickers]
C$ 47,254
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
83
US
Rolex Day-Date 36 118238 Very good 36mm
Rolex President Men's 36mm President
C$ 23,897
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
6
US
Hublot King Power 701.NQ.0137.GR.SPO14 Very good Titanium 48mm Automatic
Hublot King Power special one
C$ 19,304
Verified Dealer
 
US
Girard Perregaux Laureato 81010-11-231-11A New Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Girard Perregaux Laureato 42mm Grey Dial New 2019
C$ 11,303
Verified Dealer
44
SE
Rolex Yacht-Master 40 16623 Very good Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex 2006 MINT Rolex Yacht-Master 16623 White 40mm 18K Two...
C$ 11,574
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
258
US
Rolex Day-Date 1803 Big Logo Clasp Very good Yellow gold 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Day Date President Automatic 18K Gold Herrenuhr Big Logo
C$ 18,470
Verified Dealer
457
DE
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra 220.10.41.21.03.001 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Aqua Terra 8900 Blue Master CoAxial - Omega 5 Year Warranty
C$ 5,824
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
291
US
Baume & Mercier Clifton MOA10194 New Rose gold 39mm Automatic
TOP
Baume & Mercier Clifton 18k Rose gold and diamond bezel
C$ 5,991
Verified Dealer
45
US
Rolex Datejust 126334 New Gold/Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Datejust 41mm 126334 Stainless Steel Jubilee Blue Roman...
C$ 13,712
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
86
US
Zenith Defy El Primero 49.9000.9004/78.R782 New Ceramic 44mm Automatic
Zenith Defy El Primero 21
C$ 11,956
Verified Dealer
258
IT
Baume & Mercier Clifton MOA10057 Very good Steel 43mm Automatic
Baume & Mercier Clifton
C$ 3,030
Verified Dealer
93
CH
Rolex GMT-Master II 16713 Very good Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex GMT-Master II
C$ 13,113
Verified Dealer
 
US
Bulgari Octo 102713 Very good Titanium 40mm Automatic
TOP
Bulgari Octo Finissimo Extra Thin 102713
C$ 13,246
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
718
US
Rolex GMT-Master 16700 Good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master 16700 40 MM steel full set serviced
C$ 13,309
Verified Dealer
67
IT
Rolex Sea-Dweller 126600 New Steel 43mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Sea-Dweller 50th Year Anniversary 126600
C$ 18,438
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
87
US
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra 220.12.41.21.01.001 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Aqua Terra 8900 Black Strap Omega 5 Year Warranty
C$ 5,691
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
291
US
Franck Muller Vanguard V 45 SC DT NR BR 5N New Titanium 44mm Automatic
TOP
Franck Muller Vanguard Black Titanium and 18k Rose Gold V 45...
C$ 8,653
Verified Dealer
265
US
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 26470ST.OO.A028CR.01 New Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
C$ 30,952
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
86
US
NOMOS Tangomat 601.S13 New Steel 38.3mm Automatic
NOMOS Tangomat
C$ 3,098
Verified Dealer
258
IT
Omega Seamaster Diver 300 M 210.30.42.20.06.001 Unworn Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Seamaster Diver 300 M
C$ 5,377
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
182
US
Rolex Submariner Date 16613 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Submariner Date
C$ 14,045
Verified Dealer
 
US
Girard Perregaux Ferrari 8020 18K Gold Automatic Very good Yellow gold 37,5mm Automatic
TOP
Girard Perregaux Ferrari 18K Gold Gelbgold Chronograph ref. 8020
C$ 7,379
Verified Dealer
457
DE
Rolex Explorer II 16570 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Explorer II 16570 serviced full set
C$ 10,056
Verified Dealer
67
IT
Rolex Yacht-Master 42 226659 New White gold 42mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Yacht-Master 42mm 18k White Gold Ceramic Bezel On...
C$ 42,069
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
87
US
Rolex Datejust 126300 Very good
Rolex Datejust 41 126300 Blue Index Dial Oyster 126300
C$ 11,520
Verified Dealer
914
BE
Rolex Lady-Datejust 178274 Very good Gold/Steel 31mm Automatic
Rolex Ladies Rolex DateJust MidSize BLACK MOP 31mm Oyster...
C$ 7,712
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
389
US
Rolex Submariner Date 116610LV New Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Submariner Green Date Hulk
C$ 21,034
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
86
US
Glashütte Original PanoMaticLunar 1-90-02-42-32-05 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Glashütte Original PanoMaticLunar
C$ 8,760
Verified Dealer
77
US
Omega Seamaster Planet Ocean 215.30.40.20.03.001 Unworn Steel 39.5mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Seamaster Planet Ocean
C$ 5,896
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
182
US
Audemars Piguet Millenary 4101 15350ST.OO.D002CR.01 New Steel 47mm Automatic
Audemars Piguet Millenary 4101
C$ 20,635
Verified Dealer
 
US
Fortis Flieger 597.10.141.1 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic Canada, Montreal
Fortis Flieger
C$ 2,200
Verified Dealer
22
CA
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Lady Date 6517 Very good Yellow gold 26mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Lady Date 26 mm gold 18 kt serviced
C$ 3,845
Verified Dealer
67
IT
Rado HyperChrome Captain Cook R32500305 New Steel 37mm Automatic
TOP
Rado HyperChrome Captain Cook Limited Edition - Box & Papers 2019
C$ 2,076
Verified Dealer
261
UK
Rolex Sky-Dweller 326934 New Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Sky-Dweller 42mm White Dial 326934
C$ 23,098
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
87
US
Rolex Oyster Perpetual 31 77080 Very good Steel 31mm Automatic
Rolex Oyster Perpetual
C$ 5,398
Verified Dealer
8
AT
Rolex Daytona 116500LN New Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Daytona Ceramic Bezel Stainless Steel Black Dial 116500LN
C$ 30,886
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
86
US
Omega Seamaster Diver 300 M 210.30.42.20.03.001 New Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Seamaster Diver 300 M 210.30.42.20.03.001
C$ 5,698
Verified Dealer
77
US
Panerai Luminor GMT Automatic PAM 01616 New Carbon Automatic
TOP
Panerai SUBMERSIBLE CARBOTECH
C$ 19,835
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
182
US
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 26400SO.OO.A335CA.01 New Steel 44mm Automatic
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
C$ 56,580
Verified Dealer
 
US
Rolex Datejust 126334 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex 126334 Datejust 41 Grey Roman Wimbledon Jubilee Stainless
C$ 13,379
Verified Dealer
49
US
Zenith Captain Chronograph 824238 Good Yellow gold 35mm Automatic
TOP
Zenith Chronometre vintage automatic Captain 18k gold serviced
C$ 4,141
Verified Dealer
67
IT
Chopard Happy Sport 274808-5008 New Rose gold 36mm Automatic
Chopard Happy Sport
C$ 15,743
Verified Dealer
258
IT
Rolex GMT-Master II 126711CHNR New Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II Everose Gold & Steel Watch 126711CHNR
C$ 23,163
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
87
US
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar 5146J-001 New Yellow gold 39mm Automatic
TOP
Patek Philippe Complication Annual Calendar 5146J-001 New 2019
C$ 50,131
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
380
ES
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5726A-001 Unworn Steel 40.5mm Automatic
TOP
Patek Philippe Nautilus Stainless Steel 5726A-001
C$ 79,744
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
86
US
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar 5146 Good White gold 39mm Automatic
TOP
Patek Philippe 5146 Annual Calendar White Gold Automatic Mens...
C$ 66,558
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
12
US
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra 220.10.41.21.02.001 Unworn Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra
C$ 5,417
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
182
US
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Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.


Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.


Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.


The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.


The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.


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